A diverse body of religion, philosophy, and cultural practice native to and predominant in India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils.
Followers of Hinduism: Close to 13% of the world's population (note).
There is no known founder. Some believe in one god, some in many gods, while others believe in no god at all; there are many different sects of Hinduism with no set belief system. Most rely on traditions that have been passed down through the generations and recognize the Vedas as absolute authority even though many sects don’t know the content of it and they don’t rely on it for life instruction.
Authoritative Texts: Vedas, Brahmanas, Upanishads contain:
• Hymns, chants, and melodies for worship, ceremonial sacrifices, and praise to various gods.
• Instructions for sacrifice.
• Magic spells/incantations.
• Manuals for ritual and prayer.
• Commentaries explaining the secret doctrines of a spiritual teacher.
Authors: Ancient Sages